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Research

General Statistics

VBA Education Service announced VA has issued more than $3.6 billion to the newest generation of wartime Veterans attending school under the Post-9/11 GI Bill implemented just last year. New GI Bill education benefits have gone to more than 285,000 people and their educational institutions. (June, 2010)

Unemployment Rates

For Iraq and Afghanistan veterans of all ages, the unemployment rate last year was 11.5 percent. In 2009, 21.1 percent of young Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans were unemployed. More than 1 in 5 young Iraq and Afghanistan veterans was unemployed last year 

Women Veterans  Statistics

Approximately 85% of OEF/OIF women veterans are under 40 and nearly 60% are in their 20’s.

Over 112 thousand women have served in the combat theater.  Women make up 11 percent of our force there. 

Student Veterans Data

National Trends

  • Students with military experience make up about 4% of undergraduate students.1
  • Compared to traditional undergraduate students, veterans tend to be older and are more likely to be non-white. Although only seven percent of the armed forced were women in 2006, 27% of all student veterans in 2007-08 were women.1
  • Around half of undergraduate with military experience received veterans educational benefits at public four-year universities. In 2007-2008, 12 percent of military undergraduates attended for-profit institutions, which is a rate three times higher than traditional undergraduates.1
  • As of September 2009, the number of American troops who have been injured is 35,390, 46% of whom could return to duty within 72 hours.2
  • The rate for mental health and cognitive issues following return from deployment was 14% for major depression, 14% from PTSD, and 19% for a probable Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). RAND estimates that the cost from PTSD-related and depression costs could range from $4.0 to $6.2 billion over two years.

Sources: Radford, A. W. (2009). Military service members and veterans in higher education: What the new GI bill may mean for postsecondary institutions. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education. 2. US Department of Defense.

Research Articles

DiRamio, D., Ackerman, R., Mitchell, R. L. (2008). From combat to campus: Voices of student-veterans. NASPA Journal, 45, 73-102

Glasser, I., Powers, J.T., & Zywiak, W. (2009). Military Veterans at Universities: A Case of Culture Clash. Anthropology News, May 2009,  33.

Hoge, C. W., Auchterloine, J. L., & Milliken, C. S. (2006). Mental health problems, use of mental health services, and attrition from military service after returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. Journal of the American Medical Association, 295, 1023-1032.

Milliken, C.S., Auchterlonie, J.L., & Hoge, C.W.(November 14, 2007).  Longitudinal Assessment of Mental Health Problems among Active and Reserve Component Solders Returning from the Iraq War.  JAMA, 298 (18), 2141-2148.

Seal, K. H., Bertethal, D., Miller, C. R., Saunak, S., & Marmar, C. (2007). Bringing the war back home. Archives of Internal Medicine, 167, 476-482.

For a comprehensive list of national research, articles, and dissertations please visit the University of Arizona’s Veterans Clearinghouse website here.

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